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Employment

The number of available employment opportunities is an important measure of the economic health, activity and prosperity of a region and determines the financial capacity of our residents.

Being employed is also a key social interaction for most people and indicates social inclusivity in a community.

Indicator: Taxable income
Number of migrants by visa stream
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Data source: Australian Taxation Office
Australian Bureau of Statistics, Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2014-15
Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing
Department of Immigration and Border Protection
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Strategies / Plans: Economic Growth and Investment Strategy (under development)
Southern Adelaide Economic Development Plan 2011-21
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Community Plan 2035: Objective 3.3 Dynamic, resilient businesses
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Taxable Incomes1

Average annual taxable income data was sourced from the Australian Taxation Office (19). Average income is calculated by dividing total taxable income of the City of Onkaparinga by the number of individual taxpayers living in the city. The most recent data available for analysis was 2013-14.

Median weekly income was sourced from ABS Census of Population and Housing (16; 17; 20), therefore this indicator has not been updated since the publication of the previous Monitor in 2013 (18). Median income is different from average income; median income is the middle income level where the number of people earning less than the median is the same as the number of those who are earning more than the median.

Data Analysis

Average annual taxable income

The average annual income for residents of the City of Onkaparinga in 2013-14 was more than $58,700, while the South Australian and national average annual incomes were higher at more than $64,800 and $72,300, respectively (Figure 1). City of Onkaparinga resident’s annual average income was more than nine per cent less than the South Australian average and more than 18 per cent less than the Australian average.

Figure 1: Average annual taxable income, City of Onkaparinga, South Australia and Australia, 2005-06 to 2012-13

CWM-employment-average-annual-taxable-income
Source: Australian Taxation Office (19)

 

In 2013-14 there were more than 90,100 taxpayers in the City of Onkaparinga, which accounted for almost 54 per cent of the population in the city (Table 1). In 2013-14 the City of Onkaparinga had a greater proportion of taxpayers when compared with South Australia and Australia, by 13.1 per cent and 12.4 per cent, respectively. 

Table 1: Number of taxable individuals, City of Onkaparinga, South Australia and Australia, 2005-06 to 2013-14

  City of Onkaparinga South Australia Australia
Financial Year Number of taxable individuals % of total population Number of taxable individuals % of total population Number of taxable individuals

% of total population

2005-06 94,235 61.5 709,940 45.7 9,408,255 46.0
2006-07 92,395 59.7 694,125 44.2 9,306,145 44.7
2007-08 96,680 61.7 727,020 45.8 9,881,550 46.5
2008-09 90,110 56.6 674,040 41.9 9,188,805 42.4
2009-10 89,785 55.6 667,265 41.0 9,105,970 41.3
2010-11 90,665 55.5 681,810 41.6 9,415,955 42.1
2011-12 92,630 56.1 702,185 42.4 9,799,695 43.1
2012-13 88,410 53.1 671,280 40.2 9,477,020 41.0
2013-14 90,163 53.8 686,051 40.7 9,712,293 41.4

Source: Australian Taxation Office (19)

Data Analysis

Median weekly income

In 2011 the median weekly income for the City of Onkaparinga was $539, which was slightly higher than the South Australian median income, by 0.9 per cent, but 6.6 per cent less than the Australian median weekly income (Figure 2).

Figure 2: Median weekly income, City of Onkaparinga, South Australia and Australia, 2001, 2006 and 2011

CWM-employment-median-weekly-income
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Census of population and housing (16; 17; 20)

 

Trend Analysis

CWM employment taxable income trend analysis

Average annual taxable income

The average annual taxable income for the City of Onkaparinga, South Australia and Australia has gradually increased between the years of 2005-06 and 2013-14 (Figure 1). The increase in average annual income between 2005-06 and 2013-14 for residents of the City of Onkaparinga was 49.8 per cent, South Australia was 51.5 per cent and 53.8 per cent for Australia.

There was a reduction in the number of taxpayers between 2005-06 and 2013-14 by 4.3 per cent for the City of Onkaparinga and 3.4 per cent for South Australia, in contrast there was an increase of 3.2 per cent in the number of taxpayers for Australia (Table 1). 

 

Median weekly income

Median weekly income for the City of Onkaparinga increased by 51.8 per cent from 2001 to 2011 (Figure 2). This has also been reflected in both state and national median weekly income, whereby since 2001 state median income has increased by 54.8 per cent and the Australian median weekly income increased by 53.9 per cent, both of which are higher than the increase observed for the City of Onkaparinga. 

Policy Implications

The trend in average annual income indicates that the gap between the annual income of residents is continuing to widen over time when compared with both state and national average incomes. Together with the fact that average annual income for the City of Onkaparinga is substantially less than the state and national averages, an opportunity exists for the City of Onkaparinga to play a greater role in developing the economic growth of the city. The draft Economic Growth and Investment Strategy 2015-19 aims to address this issue by growing business to thrive within our city which will create jobs and a prosperous economy. This strategy further aims to grow investment to attract new sources of capital for sustainable future growth–all of which will support the achievement of Community Plan Objective 3.2: The South as a destination.

Number of migrants by visa stream

Migrants are individuals who are newly arrived to Australia under the country’s permanent migration program. The arrival of migrants can have a positive impact on economic prosperity by the introduction of new skills and experience within the workforce. Skilled migrants can also help to address both long and short term skill shortages in the local labour market. Data was sourced from the Australian Government, Department of Social Services, with the most recent available data for the year 2015 (21).

Data Analysis

In 2015 a total of 164 new migrants arrived in the City of Onkaparinga–comprising 56 per cent classified as skilled migrants, 38 per cent classified as family migrants and 6 per cent were as humanitarian migrants (Figure 3).

Figure 3: Number of migrants by visa stream, City of Onkaparinga, 2008 to 2015

CWM-employment-number-of-migrants-by-visa-stream
Source: Australian Government, Department of Social Services (21).

To allow the comparison of migrant arrivals between the City of Onkaparinga with both state and national migrant arrivals, Figure 4 represents the percentage change in the number of migrant arrivals from the baseline year of 2008. In 2015 there was more than an 87 per cent reduction in the number of migrant arrivals in the City of Onkaparinga compared with 2008, which was much greater than that observed for both South Australia and Australia (Figure 4).

 

Figure 4: Percentage change of the number of migrant arrivals from baseline (2008), City of Onkaparinga, South Australia and Australia, 2009 to 2015

CWM-employment-percentage-change-of-the-number-of-migrant-arrivals-from-baseline-2008
Source:  Australian Government, Department of Social Services (21)

 

Trend Analysis

Since 2008 the trend for migrant arrivals in the City of Onkaparinga has been dramatically decreasing; with an 87 per cent reduction in the total number of new migrants settling in the city between 2008 and 2015 (Figure 3). The reduction in the total number of migrants was mostly attributable to the reduction in the number of skilled migrants, which declined by 91.2 per cent. However there has also been a 70 per cent decrease in the arrival of both family and humanitarian migrants between 2008 and 2015.

The City of Onkaparinga, South Australia and Australia have all experienced large reductions in the number of migrant arrivals between the years of 2008 and 2015 (Figure 4). However, this reduction has been much greater for the City of Onkaparinga (87.3 per cent reduction) than that observed for both South Australia (40.6 per cent reduction) and Australia (48.2 per cent reduction).

Policy Implications

There has been a dramatic decline in the number of migrant arrivals since 2008 for the City of Onkaparinga, South Australia and Australia, however, this decline has been much greater in the city than both South Australia and Australia. This reduction in the number of migrant arrivals has largely been due to changes to migration policies at the Federal level.

 

 

This indicator is linked to other strategies, plans and targets outlined below:

Government of South Australia South Australia’s Strategic Plan Targets: 45. Total Population: Increase South Australia’s population to 2 million by 2027.  
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Other State Strategies • WorkReady Policy
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National Strategies: • Integrated Humanitarian Settlement Strategy
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1. Based on nominal figures, not taking into account inflation effects

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